Gluten-Free Fresh Egg Pasta

GF Egg Pasta
Ingredients:

1 cup gluten-free rice flour, plus extra for dusting
¼ cup potato starch
1 tablespoon corn flour
2 tablespoons xanthan gum
¼ teaspoon fine sea salt
3 large free-range eggs
1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil

Directions:

Place the ingredients in a food processor and blitz to a rough dough. Tip out onto a rice flour-dusted surface and knead for 3 to 5 minutes, or until smooth.

Cut the dough into four pieces, then carefully press a portion out flat with your fingertips and start to roll it out using a pasta machine (cover the remaining portions with a lightly damp tea towel to avoid them drying out). If you are not using a pasta machine, then use a rolling pin and keep plenty of flour on hand to dust with if things become sticky. Try and roll the pasta out as thin as you can without breaking or tearing it. If you are using a machine, then start at the widest setting and roll the dough through it, lightly dusting with the rice flour if it sticks. Roll the pasta through the widest setting a second time, then click the machine down a setting and roll the dough through again.

Now, start clicking the settings down, rolling the pasta through each setting twice – gluten-free pasta isn’t as elastic as standard pasta, so make sure you avoid using the two narrowest settings, otherwise it may rip. Once you have a thin sheet of pasta (about 2mm thick), set aside on a flour-dusted surface and cover with a damp tea towel to avoid it drying out, then continue with the remaining dough.

Now’s the time to transform your dough into whichever variety of pasta you like. If you want to make tagliatelle, roll the pasta through the tagliatelle setting on your pasta machine, or use a sharp knife to slice the pasta sheets length ways into long strips (roughly 7mm thick), placing on a flour-dusted tray as you go. To cook, place in a pan of boiling salted water for around 3 minutes, or until al dente, then serve how you like it.

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Xanthan What?

Xanthan Gum

Okay, what the heck is Xanthan and why does it have it’s own gum? Despite what you make think, it does not come in spearmint or tootie fruity flavours. Here is the real scoop on Xanthan with a little top ten facts and figures about it:

  1. Xanthan Gum is made by fermenting corn sugar with a bacteria, Xanthomonas campestris. It’s the same bacteria that creates black spots on broccoli and cauliflower. The result is a slimy goo that is then dried up and ground into a fine white powder.
  2. Xanthan gum is an emulsifier. It helps ingredients blend more effectively and stay blended while waiting on a shelf. For example – water and oil mixtures, as well as bits of spice in a salad dressing.
  3. Xanthan gum is also used as a thickener. Add a bit to water and it becomes more viscous. Many fat free salad dressing maintain and oily viscosity by using thickeners such as xanthan gum. In pastry fillings, it prevents the water seeping out and soaking the dough, thus protecting the crispness of the crust.
  4. Xanthan gum is used in ice creams as well to prevent the formation of ice crystals and keep the product “smooth”.
  5. Xanthan gum has become popular in the gluten free circles. It helps give the dough a sticky consistency.
  6. Only a small amount of xanthan gum is necessary to achieve the desired result, usually less than 0.5% of the food product weight.
  7. When mixed with guar gum or locust bean gum, the viscosity is more than when either one is used alone, so less of each can be used.
  8. Nutritionally, xanthan gum is a carbohydrate with 7 grams of fibre per tablespoon. This may cause bloating in some people.
  9. Xanthan gum may be derived from a variety of sources such as corn, wheat, or soy.  People with an allergy to one of the above, need to avoid foods with xanthan gum, or to ascertain the source.
  10. Xanthan Gum was “discovered” by a team of USDA researchers in the 1960′s. In 1968 it was approved for use as a food additive in the US and Europe.

So there you go, everything you did, and didn’t really care to know, about Xanthan Gum! Tune in tomorrow for other exciting common ingredients in Gluten-Free foods… Alternative Flours!

Delicious Gluten-Free Pancakes

pancakesThese pancakes will fool anyone into thinking they’re eating gluten full, not gluten free! This recipe will make 10 nice sized pancakes.

Ingredients:

1 cup rice flour
3 tablespoons tapioca flour
⅓ cup potato starch
4 tablespoons dry buttermilk powder*
1 tablespoon sugar
1 ½ teaspoons baking powder
½ teaspoon baking soda
½ teaspoon salt
½ teaspoon xanthan gum
2 eggs
3 tablespoons canola oil
2 cups water

Optional Flavour Additives:
½ cup frozen blueberries
1 teaspoon vanilla
1 apple, grated
¼ teaspoon cinnamon

Directions:

In a bowl, mix or sift together the rice flour, tapioca flour, potato starch, dry buttermilk powder, sugar substitute, baking powder, baking soda, salt, and xanthan gum. Stir in eggs, water, and oil until well blended and few lumps remain.

Heat a large, well-oiled skillet or griddle over medium high heat. Spoon batter onto skillet and cook until bubbles begin to form. Flip, and continue cooking until golden brown on bottom. Serve immediately with condiments of your choice.

* If you can’t find dry buttermilk powder, you can substitute by replacing both the powder and the water in this recipe with 2 tablespoons vinegar, and enough milk (cow, soy, almond, etc.) to equal 2 cups.